Thursday, August 22, 2019





Angling or Fishing as it is populary called, originated as a means of providing food by man, it is an act where one hunts for fish using, the hook, line and sinker, this act has conservatively grown over the years into several faces, today it is not just an act of hunting for seafood but it is also a game, a hobby and a sport to be engaged in. Fishing’s popularity whether for pleasure or as a competitive sport is at an all time high, it is estimated that there are well over 6.1 million people in the UK that fish regulary. here in this articles I will show you 5 things you should know before you start fishing, especially coarse fishing in the UK.

Basically in a very simple term fishing is throwing out a fishing line and pulling in any fish that goes for your baited fishing hook or fishing lure. This actually sounds so plain and very simple, however, various fishing disciplines have emerged that targets specific fishing conditions and species of fish. These variations have their own unique equipments, know how’s, and technical skills that may be specific to the type of water in which an angler will be fishing or the kind of fish that is targeted.

There are actually three main genres of fishing, or angling as it is popularly and commonly called: here they are below,

  1. Coarse: Coarse angling, is what we call fishing for any species of freshwater fish other than Trout and Salmon.
  2. Game: While Game fishing pertains to the pursuit of Trout and Salmon.
  3. Sea fishing: as the name suggests, is fishing for species that inhabit the sea.


With fishing becoming more and more of a specialized sport, there are offshoots of these genres. For instance there is an off-shoot of coarse angling which is called, Carp fishing. These fish can grow to really big weights and over the last decade or so anglers have specifically targeted these specimen fish, hence the birth of Carp fishing. Here are the five things to note as a beginner before you start either fishing for pleasure or sportfishing especially in the UK.



Any angler who is between the aged of 12 years or over that is fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England, except in the Tweed River, Wales or the Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland such person must have an Environment Agency Rod license. You can either buy your rod licence at Post Offices, by telephone or you can contact me if you need help in getting your Rod Licence. As a beginner it is worthy of note that It is an offence to fish for freshwater fish and eels without a valid rod licence and if you do, you are looking at a fine of up to £2,500. If you are serious about taking up fishing then it is cheaper for you to buy a 12 month licence, but if you are unsure, then I would suggest buying a 1 day or 8 day licence.


  1. Handling fish:
    There are procedures in handling fish that you need to know as an angler, all fish are usually covered with a protective layer of slime and this acts as the first line of defense against parasitic infections, bacteria, and other diseases that a fish may contract. So when you catch a fish you must make sure you don’t remove too much of its protective coating, always wet your hands before handling the fish and never you use a cloth to hold a fish. ALWAYS unhook fish quickly but carefully and return them to the water as quickly as possible. If the fish is too large to hold, don’t unhook it on the ground as this can damage it and remove the slime, use an unhooking mat. With a smaller fish hold it tightly so that it doesn’t flap about and slip out of your hands onto the ground but don’t hold it too tight or you may damage its internal organs.



In the Uk there is a season known as the Close season, it is a season where there is no fishing activities, you are not allowed to fish in certain areas in a specified period of time. Coarse fish close season is between 15th of March to the 15th of June, which is precisely a period of 3months. The coarse fish close season applies to all rivers, streams and drains in England & Wales, but does not apply to most still waters, there are however some exceptions that retain the close season. Recent bylaw changes mean that the coarse fish close season does not apply to most canals in England and Wales, in the areas where there is no coarse fishing close season the fishery owners and angling clubs are free to introduce a close season through their various club rules or fishery rules if they wish


  1. Unhooking a fish:
    It is important to take proper caution in handling and unhooking fish as an angler, never pull on the line to remove a hook from a fish – this WILL NOT work without seriously injuring the fish. If the fish is too large to hold in one hand then lay it on an unhooking mat for removing the hook (unhooking mat & padded cushion to protect fish from being injured on the ground)

If the fish is lip hooked you may be able to remove it using your fingers. If the fish is hooked inside its mouth and you can see the hook then use a thin plastic or metal rod with a slot in the end call disgorger. Hold the line tight and put the slot of the disgorger over the line and slide it along the line until you reach the hook. Remember to always push the hook in the opposite directions to the way it went in until it is free and then carefully remove it. If the fish is deeply hooked and cannot be removed, then it is better to cut the line as close to the hook as possible.



The welfare of the fish is paramount to the future of fishing and all fish that are caught must be returned to the water without injury.

Preferably use barbless hooks as these do less damage to fish. They are a lot easier to remove as well, when returning fish to the water

NEVER throw a fish back into the water. Always get down close to the water to release a fish and let the fish swim away. If it is a large fish, especially Barbel, it may have tired itself out while you were catching it. In this case hold the fish in the water facing the current until it is ready to swim away. Moving the fish backwards and forwards sometime aids its recovery

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Learning How to Fish

You have decided that you want to learn to fish. There are several ways of learning, the hardest being trial and error. It would be best to find an instructor for one-on-one lessons.

1. Buy seasickness medication

Nothing is worse than ruining your fishing because of seasickness. Most seasickness medication e.g. Bonine would be fine. Even seasoned fishermen are known to take some on rough days. Take one before you go to sleep, another when you wake up and a third one before you board.

2. Buy a reference book

A lot of good books are available at your bookstores and online. The book should give you instructions as well as terms and definitions. Some things you may not immediately understand but you should know anyway. Learn how to tie different kinds of knots. This knowledge will be invaluable for other purposes throughout your life.

3. Go to a party

There are party boats that carry from fifteen to as many as sixty anglers. The boat provides everything like bait, rod, reel, sinkers and hooks. They assist you in fishing and take the fish off the hook for you. Mates will spot you and will generally stay close to assist you. Party boats generally will cost you $25 – $70 a day, and the fish are yours to keep. The party boat is a bargain for beginners.

4. Pick your pier

Assuming you have already acquired skills to operate a rod and reel, you need to look for a fishing pier.
Majority of coastal cities have one public pier or pay-to-fish pier. You can rent tackle and buy bait at the piers. If you’re having trouble, there are many pier anglers willing to help and give you tips.

5. Party or pier

You may want to do either step three or four or both at this point. The best thing to do is to do both several times to really learn.

6. The reel deal

The conventional reel is probably what you’re using up to this point. The conventional reel is designed for a lot of wear and tear. You may now want to consider other types and makes of reels. Ideally you have met people and perhaps made a friend or two who can assist you in selecting a reel. You can even ask a tackle shop owner for tips.

You need to understand the mechanics of the reel and the other equipment. Learning to cast, tie knots and bait are not that complicated. Secondly, you need to learn where to fish. Successful fishermen know where the fish are located. Fish move from place to place and knowledgeable anglers understand these patterns and are able to anticipate where the fish are located.

Deep Sea Fishing Tips

Deep sea fishing is a wonderful and extremely enjoyable activity. Here are some tips that will make your salt water fishing adventure even better.

1. Watch the signs

If you see birds e.g. Seagulls that are feasting on small bait-type fishes, there are probably larger game-type fish below the surface of the water. Also, look for floating wood or debris. In most cases when you chance upon a large floating wood, you would find a large game fish in the area even encountering dolphin.

2. Stop, Snook and Listen

Fishing for snooks is quite similar as fishing for bass. Snooks like to be around ledges, posts and rocks.

3. Crabs for full moon

During full moons use soft crab imitations as bait. That’s the time when crabs shed their shells and stripers come looking for them.

4. If you’re looking for tunas, find the dolphins

Yellowfin tuna are usually found schooling with dolphins. So if you see a group of dolphins, chances are there are some tuna in the area.

5. Cut and Burn

If you have trouble cutting through a spiderwire braid, try using a lighter or a match.

6. Good Reef

The best place to fish is near reefs since big game fish feed on fish that live on reefs.

7. The Circle Hook

Use a circle hook if you would like a higher hook up ratio. These hooks guarantees more catch, because of the minute gap, and the reverse point. They are generally better for the fish since they do not hook in the gut just the lip.

8. Don’t have sea legs

Watch the horizon and stay on deck. These would generally help you if you’re having trouble with sea sickness: Stay away from the boat fumes, breathing it only exacerbates the problem.

9. Anchors away

When your anchor is stuck at the bottom, try attaching a float to it. Return after the tide has changed in direction. This should be enough to loosen the anchor.

10. Fish where the fish are

A lot of fisherman have the idea that they should be catching their live baits over the reefs before going to deep waters. If the live baits are not in the area you’re planning to catch the larger games, then why would you come up with the idea that the large fish are there. Wouldn’t they be in the area where the bait fish are?

Fresh Caught Fish Cooking Preparation

To maintain the delicate flavor of a newly caught freshwater or saltwater fish, this must be handled properly to avoid spoilage. Not to mention preserving the fish with pleasing odor. There are ways to properly prepare and maintain the quality just after the catch of the fish into a sumptuous fishmeal. Check out the tips below:

1) As soon as the fish lands avoid any contact with hard surfaces to prevent bruising. It should be washed immediately by hosing or bucket rinsing in order to remove the slime and possible bacteria that cause spoilage. Never use water from close proximity marinas, municipal or industrial discharges. To make sure, always use potable water instead.

2) Simply chill the fish to prevent deterioration in less than an hour. With a little advance planning, proper icing can be accomplished with the use of some relatively cheap equipment. Fish should be stored in coolers and should be well chilled. It should be 3" deep, thus, covering a pound of fish with pound of ice. Use chlorinated water per quart of water for the final rinsing.

3) Clean the fish as soon as possible. Their tissues are sterile but not their scales, which contains many types of bacteria. When cleaning fish, avoid rough treatment because wounds in the flesh can allow the spread of bacteria. Gutting the fish does not have to be necessarily long. It is wise to cut the belly, as it leaves no blood or viscera in the body. Make sure not to soak cleaned fish fillets in a prolonged freshwater as this could reduce the meat texture and flavor.

4) The eating quality and nutritional value of fish can be maintained up to 5 days if properly cleaned. Washing of the hands before touching the fish is also important. No matter what fish and the cooking technique used, one golden rule is to be followed always. Whether it is whole or not, cook exactly 10 minutes for every inch measured. 15 minutes should be allotted to fish enclosed in foil or sauce baked. Double the time for frozen fish.

Allow extra time if fish will be baked while packed in an aluminum foil and allow extra time for the penetration of the heat. That should be an additional 5 minutes for fresh fish and 10 for frozen. In thawing frozen fish, slowly thaw in the fridge for 24 hours or let the wrapped fish be run under cold water not at room temperature. Do not thaw a fish that’s frozen before cooking as it may make it mushy and dry.

Fishing Kit Basic Tips

Before going deeper into the technicalities, make sure that a fishing license is secured. To be an amateur fisherman there are basic pieces of fishing equipment needed to complete your exciting journey in the fishing world. Knowing the line type and matching the right rod and reel to the fishing technique is just basic common sense. Match these tools appropriately and expect a more enjoyable experience for a more comfortable fishing. There are several things that causes the reel to turn into a bird’s nest, don’t worry, even experienced fishermen encounter this every now and then.

The main objective is to match the rod, the reel, the line and the lure. These will only cost a newbie around $25 to $40 and they could last for years. The 3 main issues when shopping for a rod are: Guides that are attached to the rod; Grip or handle holds the rod and could come in either cork or foam. They come in different lengths so the comfort to the user must be considered; and the reel seat where the reel is connected.

Dealers make a lot of fishing rods that could either be single or consist of two or more pieces when assembled. The connection is very simple; just connect the male and female ends together to make sure the guides are lined up. This would only last for a minutes. Sometimes, lubricants are needed. When shopping for a rod, slightly bend it to get the feel of it. Again comfort should be considered when using the equipment.

Rods of any type will work. It should be around 6′ long and medium weight. Even a long stick will work. This should be long, straight and flexible so it will not easily break. The most popular rod is Graphite because it is so light yet so strong. Wispy rods should be up to 4m long to be used for long casts in moderate winds.

There are a lot of fishing lines to choose from and it can be very confusing to find the best. It is mostly made of nylon and "monofilament" that comes in spools of different lengths that are called Tests. The larger the fishing line the thicker it is in diameter. Find a piece of a 4lb. or 4 lb. Test that is almost 10′ long for the basic rig.

The basic rule is that all the gears should match. To summarize your fishing kit, it should include other stuff as well: net, stringer, line clippers, fishing knife, first aid box, a pail of bait, sunglasses, fishing hat, and talking about the basics, don’t forget your SNACKS!

How Far Will You Go?

There are perhaps more fishermen and anglers in the world than there are practitioners of any other sporting pursuit. There are many reasons for this – the peace and quiet that it offers; the fact that you can, ordinarily, eat what you catch; even, in some people’s view, the return to a sort of “hunter-gatherer” mentality.

Whatever the reason for going, though, one thing that never ceases to surprise people is how far a committed angler will go on a fishing trip. There are perfectly good streams and rivers in this country, they will argue.

Why go half way round the world?

The same people would probably not ask the world’s great botanists and naturalists why they go to Kenya to see tigers or to Norway to see the handsome forests which are there.

People like to go fishing in different locations because it provides different fish, different climates, and different experiences. You might just as well ask why people go to foreign countries on holiday.

There is a big world out there, and a lot to see. And there are many fish to be caught.

There are also a number of hot spots on the planet where fishing will be rewarded with a more exotic catch, a challenge in terms of landing the larger fish that you catch, or a more peaceful location to cast your line.

Whatever your reason for going, there really is a wide range of choice out there, and if you are planning a fishing holiday you should certainly consider spreading your wings somewhat.

After The Fishing, There’s More…

The skiing fraternity seem to many people as though they have a monopoly on post-hobby fun. In fact, there is a French word – après-ski – which is used to describe a social scene which is present in nigh-on every ski resort in the world.

In practice, it generally means drinking a lot of schnapps and dancing to incredibly loud music. Although fishing is perhaps less of an intensely energetic pursuit than skiing, the fishing fraternity still don’t so too badly for an evening’s entertainment.

If you go on a fishing trip, you will usually be located in a fairly rural setting.

Although this may not play in most people’s minds, into something which could be considered the height of social enjoyment, it is more or less a rule that every fishing village or small town will have at least one bar which serves good, hearty food and enough beer to sink a small navy.

This is something that makes a fishing trip worthwhile even for some of the less committed anglers in your group.

It may be that you don’t want to go out after your afternoon’s work. There is no harm to this, either, and it may be that you will prefer to return to your accommodation and set to preparing the fish you have caught for an evening meal.

This is one of the most enjoyable things about fishing – knowing that you have caught and prepared what you are eating. It brings out something primal in a person, which satisfies an urge.

Tales From The Riverbank

Among the most popular kinds of fishing, the sedate afternoon on the riverbank has to be one of the most enduring. For many people it is fishing the way it should be.

Quiet, usually fairly isolated and relaxing, with only a few people there. There are many reasons why this is a good way to enjoy fishing. For one thing, the optimum conditions for fishing necessitate a certain amount of quiet.

If things are too noisy, then fish are likely to avoid the area. If there are too many people there, then any fish who do stick around will be spoiled for choice over which bait to take.

But apart from the fact that it provides a better chance of catching something, the isolation of a quiet riverbank has other benefits for an afternoon’s fishing. We’ve all been Christmas shopping during a December weekend.

It takes a very strong and determined person to do that and not come home feeling like they want to roll up into a ball and start sucking on their thumb. This is not something that you want from a fishing expedition, which should after all be sedate and pleasant.

Sitting on a riverbank is also pretty much as close as you can get to nature. There is nature flowing right in front of you, hopefully with a lot of nature swimming around in it.

There is nature beneath your feet, and there should be some more behind you – riverbanks tend to be close to trees, in most cases. It really is one of the most relaxing pursuits that you can indulge in.

You Should Have Seen The One That Got Away

There is a popular running joke which is used to gently mock fishermen. It essentially runs that a fisherman who shows off his catch looks apologetic at its relatively small size, and says to their audience “you should have seen the one that got away.

It was huge.” Commonly, this joke is expanded upon by the unfortunate angler spreading their arms wide, to demonstrate the length of the fish which, by the fourth telling of the story, has begun to rival Moby Dick in terms of size.

There is a grain of truth in the stereotype, but no more so than that which exists for any hobby.

You will always find at least one golfer in any club that you walk into who shows you, by means of putting their thumb and forefinger very close together, how close they were to getting a hole in one.

The keen amateur soccer player will talk of a goal they scored which, when they originally hit it, was about ten yards out. By the time they have finished talking about it, they’ll be saying how they were somewhere around the halfway line.

This kind of bravado exists anywhere where there is competition. It is mostly self-mocking in any case, where people jokingly plead with you to believe that they are so good at what they do that they can achieve feats that are beyond the reach of a mere mortal.

And frankly, it is what makes most hobbies so much fun. We’d be nowhere without our boasts.

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