Thursday, August 22, 2019





Angling or Fishing as it is populary called, originated as a means of providing food by man, it is an act where one hunts for fish using, the hook, line and sinker, this act has conservatively grown over the years into several faces, today it is not just an act of hunting for seafood but it is also a game, a hobby and a sport to be engaged in. Fishing’s popularity whether for pleasure or as a competitive sport is at an all time high, it is estimated that there are well over 6.1 million people in the UK that fish regulary. here in this articles I will show you 5 things you should know before you start fishing, especially coarse fishing in the UK.

Basically in a very simple term fishing is throwing out a fishing line and pulling in any fish that goes for your baited fishing hook or fishing lure. This actually sounds so plain and very simple, however, various fishing disciplines have emerged that targets specific fishing conditions and species of fish. These variations have their own unique equipments, know how’s, and technical skills that may be specific to the type of water in which an angler will be fishing or the kind of fish that is targeted.

There are actually three main genres of fishing, or angling as it is popularly and commonly called: here they are below,

  1. Coarse: Coarse angling, is what we call fishing for any species of freshwater fish other than Trout and Salmon.
  2. Game: While Game fishing pertains to the pursuit of Trout and Salmon.
  3. Sea fishing: as the name suggests, is fishing for species that inhabit the sea.


With fishing becoming more and more of a specialized sport, there are offshoots of these genres. For instance there is an off-shoot of coarse angling which is called, Carp fishing. These fish can grow to really big weights and over the last decade or so anglers have specifically targeted these specimen fish, hence the birth of Carp fishing. Here are the five things to note as a beginner before you start either fishing for pleasure or sportfishing especially in the UK.



Any angler who is between the aged of 12 years or over that is fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England, except in the Tweed River, Wales or the Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland such person must have an Environment Agency Rod license. You can either buy your rod licence at Post Offices, by telephone or you can contact me if you need help in getting your Rod Licence. As a beginner it is worthy of note that It is an offence to fish for freshwater fish and eels without a valid rod licence and if you do, you are looking at a fine of up to £2,500. If you are serious about taking up fishing then it is cheaper for you to buy a 12 month licence, but if you are unsure, then I would suggest buying a 1 day or 8 day licence.


  1. Handling fish:
    There are procedures in handling fish that you need to know as an angler, all fish are usually covered with a protective layer of slime and this acts as the first line of defense against parasitic infections, bacteria, and other diseases that a fish may contract. So when you catch a fish you must make sure you don’t remove too much of its protective coating, always wet your hands before handling the fish and never you use a cloth to hold a fish. ALWAYS unhook fish quickly but carefully and return them to the water as quickly as possible. If the fish is too large to hold, don’t unhook it on the ground as this can damage it and remove the slime, use an unhooking mat. With a smaller fish hold it tightly so that it doesn’t flap about and slip out of your hands onto the ground but don’t hold it too tight or you may damage its internal organs.



In the Uk there is a season known as the Close season, it is a season where there is no fishing activities, you are not allowed to fish in certain areas in a specified period of time. Coarse fish close season is between 15th of March to the 15th of June, which is precisely a period of 3months. The coarse fish close season applies to all rivers, streams and drains in England & Wales, but does not apply to most still waters, there are however some exceptions that retain the close season. Recent bylaw changes mean that the coarse fish close season does not apply to most canals in England and Wales, in the areas where there is no coarse fishing close season the fishery owners and angling clubs are free to introduce a close season through their various club rules or fishery rules if they wish


  1. Unhooking a fish:
    It is important to take proper caution in handling and unhooking fish as an angler, never pull on the line to remove a hook from a fish – this WILL NOT work without seriously injuring the fish. If the fish is too large to hold in one hand then lay it on an unhooking mat for removing the hook (unhooking mat & padded cushion to protect fish from being injured on the ground)

If the fish is lip hooked you may be able to remove it using your fingers. If the fish is hooked inside its mouth and you can see the hook then use a thin plastic or metal rod with a slot in the end call disgorger. Hold the line tight and put the slot of the disgorger over the line and slide it along the line until you reach the hook. Remember to always push the hook in the opposite directions to the way it went in until it is free and then carefully remove it. If the fish is deeply hooked and cannot be removed, then it is better to cut the line as close to the hook as possible.



The welfare of the fish is paramount to the future of fishing and all fish that are caught must be returned to the water without injury.

Preferably use barbless hooks as these do less damage to fish. They are a lot easier to remove as well, when returning fish to the water

NEVER throw a fish back into the water. Always get down close to the water to release a fish and let the fish swim away. If it is a large fish, especially Barbel, it may have tired itself out while you were catching it. In this case hold the fish in the water facing the current until it is ready to swim away. Moving the fish backwards and forwards sometime aids its recovery

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